painting of a man and woman flying through the sky in a dream; what do dreams mean?

Common Dreams Women Have and What They Might Mean

13 min read

While dreams have long been a subject of intrigue and speculation, scientific understanding has recently progressed, shedding light on the part they play in emotional processing and establishing habitual thought patterns. In this article, we take a closer look at repeat dreams commonly experienced by women, delving into their potential meanings and implications. Read on to learn more about common dreams and what they might mean.

Why Do Our Dreams Repeat?

Dreams can repeat for a variety of psychological and neurological reasons. Understanding the cause of a recurring dream often requires introspection and, in some cases, the assistance of a mental health professional, especially if the dreams are distressing or impacting your quality of life. Remember that therapy or counseling can provide tools and strategies for addressing underlying issues that may be causing these dreams. Below are some of the main factors that contribute to recurring dreams.

Emotional Processing

Dreams are often thought to play a role in processing emotions and experiences. If you have unresolved feelings or ongoing stress, your mind might repeatedly bring up these themes in your dreams as a way of attempting to work through them. This is especially common with traumatic experiences or significant life stressors.

Unresolved Issues

Recurring dreams might indicate unresolved issues or conflicts in your life. These could be related to personal fears, anxieties, desires, or unresolved problems. The repetition of these dreams could be your subconscious mind’s way of drawing attention to these issues, suggesting a need for resolution or closure.

Learning and Memory Consolidation

Dreams are believed to be involved in the process of memory consolidation. Repeatedly dreaming about a particular subject might be part of the brain’s process of integrating new information or experiences into long-term memory.

Psychological Themes

The Nightmare (1781), Henry Fuseli (Swiss, 1741-1825)

Some recurring dreams may reflect enduring personal concerns, interests, or psychological themes. For instance, dreams of being chased might relate to a general feeling of anxiety or a sense of avoiding a particular aspect of one’s life.

Neurological Factors

Some aspects of dream repetition might be linked to the way the brain functions during sleep. The brain might repeatedly activate certain neural pathways associated with specific emotions or memories, leading to recurring dream content.

Cultural and Symbolic Interpretation

In some cultures and psychological theories, recurring dreams are interpreted more symbolically. For example, Carl Jung viewed recurring dreams as significant symbols or messages from the unconscious mind that need to be acknowledged and understood for personal growth.

Habitual Thought Patterns

Recurring dreams may reflect habitual thinking patterns or preoccupations. If you often think about certain topics during the day, they are more likely to appear in your dreams.

How Common Dreams Differ Between Men and Women

The way men and women are socialized can significantly influence their dreams. Cultural expectations and norms regarding gender roles can shape one’s experiences, concerns, and the way they process information, all of which can be reflected in dream content. Different societal roles and life experiences based on gender, such as career paths, parenting, or social interactions, can lead to varied themes in dreams. 

Men and women often face different stressors in their lives, or they may respond differently to similar stressors. These variations in stress and anxiety levels can influence the type and content of dreams. Let’s take a look at the results of one study that examined the differences in typical dreams between men and women.

Considering the Results of Typical Dreams: Stability and Gender Differences

Typical Dreams: Stability and Gender Differences” was a research study conducted by Nielsen et al., published in 2003. This study explored the commonality and frequency of various dream themes and investigates how they may differ between genders and over time. The research found that certain dream themes are surprisingly stable across different cohorts and time periods. This suggests that some dream content might be universal or at least very common in the general population. 

The study identified several common dream themes, such as being chased, falling, school, teachers, studying, and various emotional experiences. These themes were found to be prevalent across different demographics, indicating a certain level of universality in dream experiences.

However, the study also revealed notable differences in dream themes between men and women. For instance, dreams involving themes of interpersonal conflicts, physical aggression, and sexual experiences were reported differently by males and females. These differences might reflect varying concerns, interests, or experiences in waking life between genders. 

Gender Differences in Dream Themes Found by Nielsen et al.

One of the key findings was the difference in the frequency and type of aggression reported in dreams. Men reported higher instances of aggression in their dreams than women. This aggression in men’s dreams was often physical and directed against other males, whereas women more frequently dreamed of verbal aggression and were more likely to experience aggression from both genders.

Emotional Content

The study found that the emotional content of dreams also varied between genders. Women’s dreams were reported to contain more emotional and interpersonal concerns. They were more likely to dream about emotional events, relationships, and social gatherings.


Women were more likely to report dreams where they were the victims of aggression or misfortune. This could be reflective of societal factors and the different life experiences and concerns of women compared to men.

Familiarity of Characters

Dreams of women were found to contain a higher number of familiar characters, like family members and friends, compared to men’s dreams. This might be associated with the typically stronger focus on interpersonal relationships in women’s lives.

Themes of Personal Appearance

Women’s dreams more frequently included themes concerning personal appearance, which may reflect societal pressures and concerns more commonly experienced by women.

Common Dreams Women Have and What They Might Mean

Falling or Losing Balance

Dreams of falling from a height or losing balance are amongst the most commonly experienced. In these dreams, individuals often perceive themselves tumbling from great heights, or suddenly losing their footing and balance, leading to a sensation of uncontrolled descent.

Such dreams are frequently interpreted as symbolic representations of feeling out of control in one’s waking life. This sense of plummeting without control may mirror real-life situations where individuals feel overwhelmed or powerless, lacking control over important aspects of their lives.

Another potential interpretation ties these dreams to the fear of failure. The act of falling in a dream might reflect an inner anxiety about not meeting expectations, either personal or those imposed by others, or apprehension about not achieving set goals.

These dreams can also be indicative of anxiety about specific situations in the dreamer’s life. Whether it’s an upcoming event, a change in personal circumstances, or an unresolved issue, the sensation of falling can be a manifestation of the stress and worry associated with these situations.

Being Chased or Pursued

Being chased or pursued is also a commonly repeated dream. This can manifest in various forms, such as being pursued by an unknown assailant, a known individual, or even an abstract entity. The intensity of these dreams can vary, but they typically involve a sense of urgency and fear.

These dreams often symbolize the dreamer’s inclination to avoid a situation in their waking life. The act of being chased in the dream can be a reflection of an attempt to escape or ignore an issue, problem, or emotion that the dreamer finds challenging or uncomfortable to confront directly.

Being chased in a dream can also be interpreted as a manifestation of feeling threatened in some aspect of one’s life. This threat could be physical, emotional, or psychological, representing a real or perceived danger that the dreamer is experiencing. 

Additionally, dreams of being chased are frequently linked to coping with stress. They can be an expression of the subconscious mind’s reaction to stressors, where the dream acts as a metaphorical running away from stress-inducing situations or pressures in the dreamer’s daily life.


Dreams in which the individual is flying or soaring are among the more exhilarating and liberating dream experiences. In these dreams, the dreamer often finds themselves effortlessly gliding through the air, sometimes with the ability to control their direction and altitude, and at other times being carried along by unseen forces.

These flying dreams are frequently interpreted as symbolic of a deep-seated desire for freedom. This can be freedom from specific life circumstances, personal constraints, or broader existential desires for liberation. The act of flying unshackled in the dream can represent an escape from the confines of reality or societal expectations.

The motif of flying also signifies escaping limitations. This can relate to personal limitations, such as self-doubt or fear, or external limitations imposed by one’s environment or relationships. The experience of flying above it all can symbolize overcoming these barriers and feeling unrestricted.

Additionally, flying in dreams can be indicative of a longing or effort to achieve a higher perspective or enlightenment. Soaring above the landscape can provide a literal ‘bird’s eye view,’ symbolizing an expanded awareness, insight, or a new understanding of life’s situations, offering a different viewpoint that is not possible from the ground.

Finding Yourself Lost or Trapped

Dreams where the individual finds themselves lost or trapped are common and can take various forms. These scenarios may involve wandering in an unfamiliar place, being unable to find a way out of an enclosed space, or feeling trapped in a situation without a clear exit path. The dreamer often experiences feelings of confusion, anxiety, and helplessness in these dreams.

 Such dreams often symbolize a sense of being stuck or immobilized in a waking life situation. This could relate to a job, relationship, or any other life circumstance where the dreamer feels confined or unable to move forward. The feeling of being trapped or lost in the dream reflects their real-life frustrations and the feeling of being at a standstill.

Dreams of being lost can also indicate a search for direction or purpose in life. The dreamer might be exploring different paths or options, albeit with a sense of uncertainty or confusion. This theme signifies a quest for guidance, decision-making challenges, or the need for a clearer sense of direction.

Additionally, these dreams can represent internal conflicts. The scenario of being lost or trapped might mirror inner turmoil, conflicting desires, or unresolved emotional issues. The dream serves as a manifestation of the struggle to reconcile these internal conflicts or to find a way to deal with challenging emotions or thoughts.

Teeth Falling Out

Now, this is perhaps the most horrific repeating dream. Dreams involving teeth falling out are surprisingly common and can manifest in various forms. Individuals may dream of their teeth crumbling, rotting, or falling out one by one. Sometimes these dreams involve a sense of panic or discomfort, while other times they might be more passive observations.

This type of dream often reflects concerns about one’s appearance and how others perceive them. Teeth are an important aspect of physical appearance and play a role in self-confidence. Dreaming about losing teeth could symbolize anxiety about attractiveness or societal judgments regarding appearance.

Such dreams can also indicate a fear of embarrassment or humiliation. Teeth falling out in a social situation within a dream could mirror a fear of embarrassment in waking life, perhaps related to public speaking, social interactions, or a fear of being judged negatively by others.

Additionally, these dreams can represent feelings of powerlessness or loss of control. Teeth are symbolic of strength and the ability to assert oneself. Dreaming of losing teeth might be a subconscious reflection of a situation in which the individual feels powerless or unable to assert their influence effectively.


Dreams where the dreamer finds themselves unprepared for an exam, presentation, or important event are common, especially among students and professionals. These dreams typically involve scenarios where the individual is caught off guard by a test, a speech, or a significant occasion, often feeling panicked and underprepared.

These dreams frequently symbolize a fear of failure. The anxiety of not being ready for an exam or a presentation in the dream can mirror real-life worries about not meeting expectations or not achieving desired outcomes. This fear may be rooted in personal or professional aspects of the dreamer’s life.

Such dreams might also reflect underlying perfectionism. The dread of being unprepared, despite one’s efforts or skills, can indicate a deep-seated concern with flawless performance and a fear of making mistakes. This is often tied to high personal standards and an intense pressure to succeed.

 Additionally, these dreams are commonly linked to stress about performance in waking life. They can occur during periods of high pressure or when facing new challenges. The dream is a manifestation of the subconscious mind grappling with these pressures, revealing underlying anxieties about competence and adequacy.

Water-Related Dreams

Dreams involving water come in various forms, ranging from scenarios of floods and drowning to more peaceful experiences like swimming or floating. Water in dreams can manifest as vast oceans, raging rivers, or even small streams and pools, each with its unique context and emotional tone.

Dreams of water, especially those involving floods or drowning, are often interpreted as symbols of emotional overwhelm. These dreams may reflect feelings of being swamped by emotions or life situations, akin to the way water can engulf and overwhelm in a flood.

Water in dreams is also frequently seen as a representation of the subconscious mind. Dreams involving calm or clear water might suggest a peaceful and clear state of mind, whereas murky or turbulent water could indicate confusion or turmoil in the dreamer’s subconscious thoughts.

In some instances, water-related dreams can signify purity and cleansing. This can involve scenarios where water is a refreshing or rejuvenating force, representing the washing away of past troubles or the cleansing of negative emotions, leading to a sense of renewal. However, this positive spin might be less common than the fearful dreams about water.

What About a Single Dream with Multiple Themes?

Dreams are complex and multifaceted, often weaving together various elements and themes into a single narrative. They are a reflection of the subconscious mind, which can hold a multitude of thoughts, emotions, and experiences simultaneously. The subconscious might merge these various elements together, creating dreams that feature multiple themes. Let’s take a closer look at some of the other reasons why multiple themes might converge in a single dream.

Processing Multiple Emotions or Experiences

Dreams often serve as a way for the brain to process emotions and experiences. If an individual is dealing with several issues or strong emotions at the same time, their dreams might incorporate multiple themes that reflect these concurrent aspects of their life.

Associative Nature of Dreams

The dream state is highly associative, meaning one theme or element can easily lead to another. For example, a dream might start with a theme of being chased (symbolizing anxiety or avoidance), which then transitions into flying (representing freedom or escape from these anxieties).

Symbolic Representation and the Influence of External Factors

Dreams are symbolic and not always linear or logical. Different themes can converge in a single dream to symbolize complex psychological states or life situations. External factors such as stress, life changes, or even movies and books can influence dream content, leading to a blend of themes in a single dream.

Narrative Structure

Some dreams have a narrative structure that can incorporate various themes as the story unfolds. For instance, a dream might begin with a scenario of falling (representing loss of control), then evolve into a water-related theme (reflecting emotional states), and perhaps conclude with flying (symbolizing overcoming challenges or gaining a new perspective).

Preventing an Unwanted Dream from Repeating: What Can You Do?

Stopping an unwanted dream from repeating can be challenging, as dreams are a complex product of your subconscious mind. However, there are several strategies that people often find helpful in reducing the frequency or intensity of recurring unwanted dreams. Remember, what works can vary greatly from person to person, and it might take some time to find the approach that works best for you. If you’re experiencing recurring unwanted dreams that significantly affect your sleep or daily life, consulting with a healthcare professional is recommended. In addition, you might consider the following.

Address Underlying Issues

Often, recurring dreams are linked to unresolved issues or stress in your waking life. Identifying and addressing these issues, whether they’re emotional, psychological, or situational, can help reduce the recurrence of these dreams. Therapy or counseling can be particularly beneficial in this process.

Relaxation Techniques

Practicing relaxation techniques before bed, such as deep breathing, meditation, or progressive muscle relaxation, can help calm your mind and may reduce the likelihood of experiencing distressing dreams.

Maintain a Regular Sleep Schedule

Disruptions in your sleep pattern can contribute to the occurrence of unwanted dreams. Establishing and maintaining a regular sleep schedule can improve your sleep quality and potentially reduce the frequency of disturbing dreams.

Create a Bedtime Ritual

Engaging in a calming bedtime routine can signal to your body and mind that it’s time to wind down and rest. This might include activities like reading, taking a warm bath, or listening to soothing music.

Dream Journaling

Keeping a dream journal and writing down your dreams as soon as you wake up can sometimes help in understanding and processing the content of your dreams. This process can provide insights into why a particular dream is recurring and can be a form of therapeutic release.

Imagery Rehearsal Therapy

This cognitive-behavioral technique involves changing the ending of the recurring dream while you’re awake, so it’s no longer threatening. You imagine a new, positive outcome for the dream, rehearsing it in your mind. This can alter the dream’s narrative and reduce its distressing nature.

Mindfulness and Stress Management

Since stress can be a significant trigger for recurring dreams, effective stress management through mindfulness, yoga, or other practices can be helpful in reducing their frequency.

Limiting Stimulants

Avoiding stimulants like caffeine or nicotine close to bedtime can improve your sleep quality and may reduce the likelihood of having distressing dreams.

Seeking Professional Help

Remember, if recurring dreams are particularly distressing or impacting your quality of life, it might be helpful to seek the assistance of a mental health professional. They can provide tailored strategies and support for managing these dreams.

Final Thoughts on Repeat Dreams and What They Mean

Path of the Nightmare (1916), Jāzeps Grosvalds (Latvian, 1891 – 1920)

Dreams serve as windows into our subconscious, often reflecting our deepest fears, desires, and emotions. Of course, those windows often have clouded glass. Some women experiencing unpleasant repeat dreams might benefit from the insight and support of a trained psychologist or other healthcare professional. We also recommend that you take the generalized interpretations we provided above with a grain of salt. Each dream is unique and intimately tied to the individual’s experiences, emotions, and psychological state. Recognizing the importance of individual context in dream interpretation is essential for a meaningful and accurate understanding of what our dreams may be communicating about our inner lives.